Sunday, March 15, 2020
A Lower Class Success Story Which social class do you belong to and why do you belong there? The term Ãâsocial classÃâ is commonly used to categorize people into specific groups in which all members are relatively similar. There are a large number of social classes in our modern society that make up one diverse community. The members of a specific social class are always related in certain ways and usually share specific things in common such as possessions, salaries, family relations, and acculturation histories. It is commonly thought that one is born into a social class and that is where he or she must remain for the entirety of his or her life. While this theory may sometimes be true, it is not inconceivable for one to be born into a lower social class, and work his or her way up to an upper social class. Likewise, it is possible for one to be born into a status of upper class and to descend into a lower class, maybe by choice or by cause and effect.Cover of the 1895 Henry T. Coates and Company edit.. .Through the opinions and stories of some of Americas modern writers, and through an assessment of some of Americas modern celebrities, it can be reinforced that the class that people are born into does not have to be the class that they remain in for the rest of their lives.It is certainly possible for a man of lower status to achieve a more desirable rank in society through hard work and determination. A story titled ÃâRagged Dick,Ãâ and written by author Horatio Alger (1832-1899) entails the Ãârags-to-richesÃâ storyof a young man named Dick who happily works a lower class job earning minimum wage to cover his daily expenses. While on a ferry for a business meeting, Dick is faced with a seemingly risky predicament in...
Friday, February 28, 2020
Everyday Poor Vs. Everyday Financially and Socially Stable Families - Essay Example ic reasons behind their financial instability, if addressed appropriately by the ordinary poor, employers and the government will yield a good solution. They can make applicable solutions to the problems affecting the poor and bridging the gap between them and the financially and socially stable families, long-term solution. The rich families have been able to earn incomes that are sufficient to support their familiesÃ¢â¬â¢ basic needs with no financial constraints. The poor familiesÃ¢â¬â¢ breadwinners, have a hard time sustaining three meals a day for their families due to poor wages and salaries earned per month. With most rich people working on white collar jobs by either owning or working in big companies, the poor are employed and work in large and small companies on manual jobs that pay them poorly for work done in long working hours. Jamal and Latoya work very hard at the Burger Barn, but they are still unable to earn enough income to reach financial stability (Newman 3-38). Jamal even takes a 5:00 a.m. bus to work every day, and he does his work with much passion, but the returns in the form of wages cannot be reflected on his hourly wage that pays him less than $5 (Newman 5). The economy has been very unfair to women for a long time with women being paid less than 65 percent of what their male counterparts are paid on an hourly basis, inconsiderate of the fact that the women have more financial duties to their families as compared to men. There are higher chances of women being left alone with the task of bringing up the children if the marriage fails among the poor. The converse applies to the rich families who have a lesser chance to separate or divorce, but in case of that, the woman can sue the man for child support. Financially stable men value their families very much, and they work very hard to ensure that they provide for their families. This effort ensures their family remains intact, and they are able to fit in their social class. Family togetherness
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
The industrial revolution in Japan - Essay Example Many parallels can be drawn between the industrialization in Japan and that of other countries especially USA and countries from Europe aside from the fact the JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s industrial revolution came years after that of USA and European countries like Britain, which was the initiator (Spielvogel 613). Industrial revolution in Western Europe was a result of revolutionary force from below, led by merchants based in the urban centers who were calling for the destruction of the old social order and creation of a current one that would generate new institutions based on urbanization and commercial context of the region. In contrast, leaders who had gained power through the manipulation of the feudalistic social regime spearheaded Japanese industrial revolution (Levine 105). The call for the modernization of Japan the came from above, led by those who were eager to bring change to the older regime, but not through radical overthrow of existing rulers. The difference in sources of economi c power between preindustrial merchant classes of England and France and that of Japan mirrored the theme of urbanism in the respective countries. From around 15th century, the urban merchants of these European countries made the cities the center of their rebellion against the feudalistic rulers. In Japan, anti-Tokugawa political force was inherent in the expanding population but not in the revolutionary sense of being anti-feudal as seen in the European countries. Those who wanted change were willing to achieve it through taking up of political offices as a means of gaining these advantages but not through a revolution in the social structure (Levine 105). To understand the performance of Japanese economy before, during and after industrial revolution, it is important to note that the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s economic growth experienced a distinctive rhythmic growth during the period of 1887-1969. Lonien agrees that the Japanese economic growth since the beginning of industrial revolution to the end of the Second World War was cyclical (24). It is during this period that Japan joined the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s major economic powers especially those from the west as far as itÃ¢â¬â¢s per capita and labor productivity is concerned. This economic growth took place through a growth phase that recognized by the Japanese economic development literature as upswings of long swings. Mosk recognizes this period as taking place in the following periods: 1887-1897, 1911-1919, 1930-1938 and 1953-1969. This are the periods that coincides with the time when Japanese economy experienced the most intensive growth rate (Mosk 6). Mosk notes that a long swing represents a growth pattern in the gross domestic product of the country in which the rate of output growth rises, reaches a peak, declines, reaches a trough and then begins to rise once again. Every long swing in this cycle involves two phases, an upswing phase that heralds the long swing and a downswing that that ends the cycle. Compar ative to average growth over the complete long swing, growth rates during the upswing surpass the long swings average and growth rate during the down swing is less than that of the long-swing average. It is this analysis that provides historians with a mechanism to determine Japanese economic growth during the industrial revolution period (6). According to these upswings of long swings analysis, the first long swing in Japanese economic
Friday, January 31, 2020
The Effects of IDD (Intervertebral Differential Dynamics) Theapy - Dissertation Example It covers about 200 hours of practical exposure to interesting clinical therapies, experiences that I could not get from my classroom. During the internship, I treated a patient for spinal injury using IDD. This paper is about the effects of Invertebrate Differential Dynamic (IDD) Therapy on Spinal injuries. 3 Literature Review Several studies have been carried out in the area of using non-clinical therapies to cure spinal cord injuries or chronic low back pain in medical and clinical practices. This effort is essential in reducing the amount of exposure patients have to clinical operations, and promote natural wellness even in the medical field. Low Back Pain and Spinal Injury Low back pain has become a prevalent condition that reportedly affects about 40% in the United States within a specified period of one month interval. This statistics points to seriousness of this situation as it prevents adult population from contributing enough at their respective workplaces (Deyo et al., 20 06). However, it is worrisome that most of the low back pain (LBP) suffered by people today have no apparent pathoanatomic cause; and this has increased the grave concern among practitioners as they scramble to find the best treatment for LBP. Although, the known cause of low back pain is the disorder of the lumbar intervertebral disks which often leads to irritation of the lumbar nerve roots. Ã¢â¬âa known symptom of spinal injury. Research findings have revealed that nerve root linkage is responsible for exactly 10% cases of low back pain with a projected prevalence range starting from 12% to 43% (Stafford et al., 2007). Understandably, the low back pain caused by involvement of nerve root (spinal injury) has been found to only responsible for a fraction of low back pain; other related factors include but are not restricted to severe symptoms, increased danger of becoming a chronic LBP and the absence of work or failure 4 to cater for the condition due to lack of sufficient fina ncial capability (Konstantinou and Dunn, 2008). Treating low back pain and spinal injury Previously, patients suffering from
Thursday, January 23, 2020
The Economic System of Slavery: As Told in A Respectable Trade and Amistad The economic system of slavery is an all-encompassing system that effects the mentalities of all who participate in the system. People in a slave society are shaped differently than people influenced by other economic systems, as this system classifies people as property, inherently going against all aspects of human nature. We see how slavery has come to shape individuals, and indeed, entire societies both in Amistad and A Respectable Trade. In these films arise the themes of economic value of different systems of slavery as well as themes of the morality of the slave trade and the devaluation of human dignity and liberty. While the two films portray vastly different contexts in which slavery exists, they have in common the struggles between profitable economic systems of the times and the social evaluations of these economic institutions. In a slave society, there exists a control over productive resources by a specific subset of society. That is to say, the wealth of the economy is largely concentrated in the hands of a few. In a slave system, control over productive resources specifically means control over people, as it is the slaves in this economic system who are the resources, or whose labor is responsible for producing the resources. In the film Amistad, the production done by slaves is clearly delineated by the work they do on the plantations, as we do not see slave labor in the domestic realm as a prominent feature of this society. The Africans captured by their fellow countrymen are defined as property, as chattel, as soon as they set foot on the slave-trading vessels. Thus, within the system of slavery we see that huma... ...he situation, as the British begin to see that the slave trade is not as lucrative as industry could be. The abolition of slavery in England, therefore, is not so much influenced by morality as it is by money. Even though Amistad and A Respectable Trade vary in their depiction of the economic system of slavery (domestic servitude versus plantation labor), they share commonalities in their depiction of the overwhelmind grip that slavery had on societies. Slavery was as much a cultural system as it was an economic system, because it shaped all who participated in the system; the Africans forced into the system, the masters that owned people as chattel, and even those who opposed the system altogether. Slavery is an economic system that involves decisions of the conscience and the fundamentals of human nature, possibly more so tah any other economic system.
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
Capitalism has been of great benefit to me as an individual due to the fact that it values political as well as economic freedom of an individual. Through allowing people to undertake various business activities, capitalism has allowed me to maximize on profit making. Capitalism does not limit the amount of wealth an individual can amass. Capitalism also ensures that my constitutional rights to own property are protected. The schemes of getting rich quickly in the capitalist world are some of the major disadvantages associated with capitalism. The driving force of these schemes is the employees who pay the business loans of organizations voting at work so as to regulate the property they are paying for (Downing p, 37). As an employee I have been paying for the expenses of the organization I work for, which are by far beyond the salary of employees. The capitalist world favors development as well as establishment of as many industries as possible an aspect which in the long run results in environmental degradation. The greatest losers of capitalism in the United States as well as the world are those who seem to have lost the battle for regulation of economic policies. These people include those who rely on agricultural capital. The winners of capitalism, on the pother hand, are those who invest in a variety of sectors including factories, companies, goods and services (Soto p, 114) Historical materialists, who are few, own so much wealth at the expense of the poor majority. The practice of materialists constitutes some of the reasons as to why poor people and poor countries remain poor whereas rich people and countries continue expanding their wealth. Materialists claim that they are not accountable to anyone, but to their stakeholders and therefore all their practices are focused at amassing as much wealth as possible rather than looking at the plight of common man (Misraa, Woodringa, and Merz p, 320). Work cited: Misraa, Joya. Woodringa, Jonathan. and Merz, Sabine. The globalization of care work: Neoliberal economic restructuring and migration policy, 2006, Vol 3: 3, 317 Ã¢â¬â 332 Soto, Hernando. The mystery of capital: why capitalism triumphs in the West and fails everywhere else, ISBN 0465016154: Basic Books, 2003 Downing, David. Capitalism, 2nd edn, ISBN 0431191808: Pearson Education, 2008
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 743 Downloads: 9 Date added: 2017/09/17 Category Sociology Essay Type Argumentative essay Tags: Death Penalty Essay Murder Essay Did you like this example? My views on the death penalty Sociology August 30, 2010 ? My views on the death penalty Does the death penalty really serve as a deterrent to criminals? In my opinion Ã¢â¬Å"NoÃ¢â¬ it does not. If someone is going to commit a crime they usually do not think far enough ahead to think what the punishment might be if they get caught. The death penalty information center Ã¢â¬Å"took a survey of the former and present presidents of the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s top academic criminological societies, 88% of these experts rejected the notion that the death penalty acted as a deterrent (death penalty information center, Aug. 0,2010) In my personal opinion on the death penalty is that of support for it. I believe that if you commit a crime you should have to pay for that crime. Whether it is with time and restitution for smaller crimes or it is death for more serious thought crimes. I do feel that if someone commits murder or rape shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be allowed to ever have a chance to do any of those crimes again. I know people say Ã¢â¬Å"well if they get life in prison they will not be able to commit these crimes againÃ¢â¬ . My response is what if they escape and come to your house while they are dodging the law, rape and kill your family would you still want them locked up for life? I wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t I do not believe that your age should have anything to do with you receiving the death penalty, as long as you can discern right from wrong and be at least 12 years of age or older. If you are 12 years old or older and you commit a serious enough crime I think you should also be sentenced to death. I think if our country supported something like this it would deter younger people from committing such serious crimes. Anything younger than that is considered a child in my opinion. Currently today in the United States the laws vary from state to state on the age limits ranging from 16 in some states to 18 in most states, before someone can be considered for the death penalty for crimes they have committed. Setting examples of young murders would help deter other kids from thinking they are juveniles and that they will only serve a very minimal time for their crimes. Another reason that the death penalty is best for juveniles who murder is the chance of parole. When a person has been incarcerated all of their adult life then possibly paroled for good behavior, or just to make room, they cannot function in the real world. They only know prison life which consists of gangs, drugs and violence. When released they, most likely will go to what they know gangs, drugs and violence or end up homeless for lack of family after all the years that have passed. Ã¢â¬Å"Viewed from the functionalist perspective of Emile Durkheim, sanctions against defiant acts help to reinforce societyÃ¢â¬â¢s standards of proper behavior. Ã¢â¬ (SchaeferR. T. 2009) Ã¢â¬Å"In December 2008, the United Nations General Assembly (UN GA) adopted by a large majority a second resolution calling for a moratorium with a view to abolish the death penalty. This resolution consolidates three decades of steady progress towards complete abolition of the death penalty worldwide. Ã¢â¬ (Amnesty International USA,2008) There are still a lot of countries today that use the death penalty as a form of punishment for crimes committed. The countries that have the highest rate of executions are China, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and the United States of America. These countries alone carried out 93% of all executions worldwide in 2008. (Amnesty International USA,2008) The majority of the countries now refrain from using the death penalty. In 2008 The Amnesty International recorded only 25 of the 59 countries that retained the death penalty actually executed any one. Son people feel that we are moving in a way to completely get rid of the death penalty around the world, but in my opinion this will remain something to use as a punishment in a lot of countries worldw ide. If we abolish the death penalty eventually we will be overrun with criminals on death row or we will have to release them back into society which would be a bad decision in my opinion. References Schaefer, R. T (2009) Sociology a brief introduction 8th edition. New York, NY Death penalty statistics (2008) Amnesty International USA retrieved from https://www. amnestyUSA. org/death-penalty/International-death-penalty/death-penalty-statistics-2008/page. do? id=1011348 Facts about the death penalty DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Death Penalty, a Deterrent to Criminals" essay for you Create order